Driving Through the long Haldighati Pass - present day:
The Pass is long and can be defended by a small Army, because a large Army cannot pass through it in a body
The Rajputs, fought on hard with their initial advantage pushing back the Mughals from their main camp at Badshah Bagh (Royal Garden) to the open plains of Rakt Talai (In Hindi, meaning “the Pond/Lake of Blood”) so named after the initial slaughter wreaked on the Mughals by the Rajput forces and, later, the hard fought pitched battle with losses on both sides on this ground. Accustomed to open plains warfare, the Mughals, fought back hard, taking advantage of their numerical superiority and their cannon, nevertheless, the outcome of the battle remained indecisive, with the moral advantage going to the Rajputs.
At one time he threw a spear at Man Singh the enemy commander who ducked in mortal fear in his seat on the elephant carrying him, instead the “Mahout” (Elephant Trainer) was killed instantly. Chetak was severely injured in this encounter in one of his hind legs; nevertheless, he helped an injured Maharana Pratap who was falling unconscious from 3 serious wounds (one each from sword, spear and musket shot), to make a strategic getaway with a small troop, when one of his generals, Jhala Manna or Jhala Maan Singh of Bari Sadri, firmly asked him to leave the battle field, because both he and his horse were severely injured and needed immediate medical attention. The Jhala chief literally snatched away Maharana Pratap’s Royal insignia drawing the Mughal forces towards himself, fought valiantly, driving back the Mughals and slaughtering several opponents . Outnumbered and fighting valiantly to the very end, he passed into history as a Martyr.
Several memorials exist at Rakt Talai as well as nearby areas commemorating the valour of the Rajput Forces, and are a powerful reminder of the small force of Rajputs who took on the might of the Mughal Empire and left an indelible stamp of their bravery on history. It is interesting to note that although the battle-field was left in the possession of the Mughals, no memorials exist on this battle-field of any Mughal soldiers erected by the Mughal King, such was the state of mind of the Mughal forces, including the fact that a small troop under Maharana Pratap had caused considerable losses to their Army in the battle of Haldighati.
Posted on 11.03.2015:
The above is a First Day cover issued on Maharana Pratap on 11.06.1967 by India Post.
(The Re 1/- coin has been contributed for this post by Krishna Tonpe who has been a major contributor to my coin collection and has been procuring several missing pieces to help build up my collection. The First Day Cover is from the collection of Rahul Kumar, a Hyderabad based Numismatist)
1) Jhala Mann Singh (Jhala Manna): The martyr of the famous Battle of Haldighati (1576): A Commemorative Postage Stamp of 500 Paise or Rs.5/- brought out in his honour on 18.06.2017