The Front of a $20 (Twenty Dollar Banknote) showing a front facing Queen Elizabeth II and New Zealand's Parliament Buildings.
The Back of a $20 (Twenty Dollar Banknote) showing a Karearea, Marlborough daisy, flowering Red tussock and Mt. "Tapuaenuku".
Aoraki/Mount Cook: Aoraki is the name of a person in the traditions of the “Ngai Tahu iwi” (meaning the “Ngai Tahu tribe”). An early name for the South Island was “Te Waka o Aoraki” (meaning “Aoraki’s canoe”). “Ao” stands for “cloud”) and “raki” (stands for “sky”). In other words, it means “cloud or sky piercer”. The Maoris called the mountain Aoraki for several centuries. The first European to visit the mountain on 13.12.1642 was Abel Tasman during his first Pacific voyage. The name Mount Cook was given to the mountain in 1851 by Captain John Stokes after Captain James Cook, the British explorer.
Yellow eyed penguin or “Hoiho”: This penguin is found in New Zealand. It breeds around the South Island of New Zealand, Stewart, Auckland and in the Campbell Islands. Its Maori name is “Hoiho”. It is an endangered species and is one of the rarest penguin species in the World which is supposedly the most ancient of all living penguin species. A Reserve to protect its dwindling numbers has been set up at Long Point in the Caitlins in 2007 and in 2010, it was brought under the US Endangered Species Act.
Pleurophyllum speciosum (Campbell Island Daisy): is a mega-herb which is found in Auckland and Campbell Islands of New Zealand.
Bull Kelp (Nereocystis): Nereocystis means “mermaid’s bladder” in Greek). It is an annual seaweed, sometimes persisting up to 18 months and can grow up to 10 inches or about 25 cm. in one day, with an overall length of about 30 to 60 feet or 10-20 metres. It thrives in coastal waters. Bull Kelp offers protective shelter to young fishes and invertebrates like sea urchins, sea stars, snails & crabs. Sea otters thrive on kelp forests too.
Camellia: This is a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae, found in eastern and southern Asia from the Himalayas to Japan & Indonesia, New Zealand and some islands of the Pacific. Camellias are evergreen shrubs or small trees. The genus was named after the Czech botanist Georg Joseph Kamel. In Chinese these flowers are known as “chahua” (or the tea flower”), in Japanese as “tsubaki” and in Korean as “dongbaek-kkot” and in Vietnamese as “hoa che”. This plant is of major commercial importance, because tea is made from its leaves.
Whio or blue duck: The blue duck (“Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos”) is a member of the duck, goose and swan family “Anatidae” which is endemic to New Zealand. The Maori name is “Whio” (pronounced as “fee-oh”) which is an onomatopoetic rendition of the male’s call. The blue duck is a dark blue slate-grey with a chestnut flecked breast and a paler bill and eye. The pinkish-white bill has fleshy flaps of skin hanging from the sides of its tip. The blue duck population has been greatly affected by predation by mammals such as stoats, competition for food from trouts and damming of mountain rivers for hydroelectric schemes. Considered to be an endangered species, the New Zealand Department of Conservation is working on projects to boost the “Whio” population at several duck breeding sites in concert with Avifauna and Bio-diversity Conservation groups.
Parahebe catarractae: This is a genus with 45 species of plants of flowers belonging to the family Scrophulariaceae.
Karearea: or the New Zealand falcon is the only endemic falcon/remaining bird of prey found in New Zealand. It is also called the “bush hawk” or “sparrow hawk”. It is a member of the Falconidae bird family and is found in heavy bush and the steep high country in the South Island and Auckland Islands. On the Protected list from 1970, it is considered to be an endangered/threatened species. In 2005, the Ministry of Agriculture & Forestry initiated a programme for using falcons to control birds that damage grapes in vineyards and for setting up a breeding programme for falcons near the Marlborough Wine Region.
On the Front of the $50 Banknote to be issued in October 2016, is featured a portrait of Sir Apirana Ngata, with a “Porourangi” Meeting House. On the top is mentioned the issuing Bank’s name “RESERVE BANK OF NEW ZEALAND” and “TE PUTEA MATAU” (meaning “the Financial”). The size of this Banknote is 150 mm x 72 mm and its colour is purple.
“Porourangi” Meeting House: is the name given to the historic Meeting House of the “Ngati Porou” people which stands majestically at the foot of Puputa Hill. It was built between 1852 and 1864 and is a remarkable work of Maori culture. Each part is designed to display Maori skills, arts and crafts and also represents ancestral figures, elders and warriors who had performed great deeds for the people of the Ngati Porou tribal area. The carvings were done by Tamati Ngakaho, a tribal elder. Some important mentions are as follows – Along each wall traditional Maori patterns, such as poutama, roitama, patikitiki and purapurawhetu, alternate with images of different ancestors & warriors, each one with his name included in the tututuku work. Two figures on the poutokomanawa, the posts in the middle of the Meeting House, represent Hamo and Rongomaianiwaniwa, the wife & daughter of Porourangi, the Chief of the Ngati Porou tribe. The tekoteko, the figure on top of the Meeting House represents Tuterangiwhiuiti, who was a descendant of Porourangi & a great warrior. An interesting carving in the Meeting house is on the maihi or barge boards which indicate that no eating, smoking or entertainment should take place in the Meeting House.
On the Back of the $50 Banknote is shown a “Kokako” (or a “blue wattled crow”), a conifer broadleaf forest scene, Supple-jack (“Kareao”), and Sky-blue mushroom. On the top of the Banknote is mentioned the name of the country “NEW ZEALAND” and “AOTEAROA”.
Callaeas cinerea or “Kokako” or “the blue wattled crow”: The Kokako is an endangered forest bird endemic to New Zealand. It is slate-grey with wattles and a black mask. Threatened by extinction through predation of species like possums, stoats, cats, rats etc. these birds were found in North Island and south island, but the South island species has now become almost extinct. Although it is called the New Zealand crow because of its crow-like appearance from a distance, it is not a crow at all.
On the Back of the $100 Banknote is shown a “Mohua” (or a “yellowhead”), a red beech and South Island lichen moth (Declana egregia). On the top of the Banknote is mentioned the name of the country “NEW ZEALAND” and “AOTEAROA”.
Mohua or the Yellowhead bird: The Yellowhead or Mohua (Mohua ochrocephala) is a bird endemic to the South Island of New Zealand. It was abundantly found in beech forests in Nelson, Marlborough Sounds to the Southland, Stewart Island, Rakiura etc. in the 19th century, but its population has dropped due to the predation of pests like black rats and mustelids. Some Mohua groups now live in the beech forests of the Catlins area. Mohua is now a “protected threatened endemic” species with conservation efforts going on to establish many predator-free offshore islands sanctuaries, particularly in Breaksea Island in Fiordland & Ulva Island and pest-control measures, which has led to an increase in its population.
Posted on 03.11.2015:
Some presently circulating Banknotes collected by Jayant Biswas during his recent trip to the USA:
The Front of a polymer $10 Banknote, currently in circulation.
The Back of the above polymer $10 Banknote, currently in circulation.
The Front of a polymer $50 Banknote, currently in circulation.
The Back of the above polymer $10 Banknote, currently in circulation.
These two banknotes look a little "dull" in front of the new "Brighter Money" Series, don't they?
1) Coins of New Zealand
Links to Posts on Australia, New Zealand and countries and Overseas Territories of the South Pacific on this blog:
1) Bank of Papua New Guinea: 36th Anniversary Celebrations (1973-2008): A Commemorative Uncirulated Coin Set consisting of a 2 Kina Banknote & a 2 Kina Coin
2) Papua New Guinea: An uncirculated coin set brought out in 1995 commemorating the 20th Anniversary of Independence
3) Currency & Coinage of the Soloman Islands: Dollars and Cents
4) New Zealand: New Banknote "Seventh Series" issued under Project "Brighter Money" from 2015 onwards
5) Coinage of the French Polynesian Island of Caledonia (or Nouvelle Caledonie) the CFP Franc
6) French Institution for issuing uniform currency/coinage for French Overseas Territories in the Pacific and the French Southern Territories of Antarctica: The Institut d'emmission d'outre Mer (IEOM)
7) Currency & Coinage of Samoa: Tala and Sene
8) Currency of the South Pacific Island Country of Fiji
9) Coinage of New Zealand: A commemorative coin set issued in 1979
10) Currency and Coinage of Australia: Dollars and Cents
11) The Australian Emblem or the Coat of Arms
12) The story of the Australian Penny
13) The Legend of the Mutiny on the Bounty: A Commemorative Coin Set from the Pitcairn Islands depicting relics from the Bounty issued in 2009
14) An Australian $5 coin issued in 1996, commemorating Australia's greatest cricketing legend - Sir Donald Bradman
15) New Series/Generation of Australian Banknotes being introduced from 01.09.2016 onwards starting from $5 issues