i) A two dollar coin issued by New Zealand Mint on behalf of Niue Islands
ii) A one dollar coin issued by Perth Mint Australia on behalf of Tuvalu Islands:
He was a notorious English pirate who started his career as a sea-farer during Queen Anne’s War on a Privateer (defined as an armed vessel owned and officered by private persons and holding a commission from the Government called a “letter of marque" authorising the owners to use it against a hostile nation, especially in the capture of merchant shipping).
Later, he settled in the Caribbean island of New Providence which was a known pirate haven/destination (Some of the best-known pirate bases were New Providence, in the Bahamas from 1715 to 1725, Tortuga established in the 1640s and Port Royal after 1655).
The period during which the pirates were most successful was from 1700 till about 1730s. Caribbean piracy had arisen out of the race for trade and colonisation among the European Empires of Britain, Spain, the Netherlands, Portugal and France.
Hornigold gave him the command of a “sloop” which had been captured on the High Seas and fitted with six cannon and having a crew of 70 men (A sloop is a small one-masted, fore and aft rigged ship/vessel, carrying guns/cannon only on its upper deck).
Both Hornigold and Teach was involved in several acts of piracy sailing in their two-ship fleet which was later expanded, with more acquisitions on the High Seas. They were joined by Stede Bonnet on board a ship called “Revenge” making it a fleet of three ships at their disposal. Later, they captured another vessel making it a total of 4 vessels in their “pirate fleet”.
Hornigold retired from his career in piracy taking two ships with him and was granted the King’s Pardon, while Teach and Bonnet continued with their acts of piracy on the remaining two ships.
Subsequently, on one of his voyages Teach captured a French Merchant ship “La Concorde” (a powerful 300-ton , 26 cannon vessel and carrying a cargo of slaves) after a fierce cannonade and forced its Captain to surrender. He rechristened the ship “Queen Anne’s Revenge”, re-fitting it with 40 guns, making it his flagship.
Teach’s fleet grew to more than 300 men spread over the three ships at his command. The other two ships, apart from “Queen Anne’s Revenge” were a Briganteen (two masted ship , square rigged on the forward mast, fore and aft rigged on the mainmast,having ten cannon) and a Sloop (having 12 cannon on its upper deck). Some later accounts put his fleet at two ships for some time.
Teach gained notoriety as a fearsome pirate, mainly on account of his thick black beard and his fearsome demeanour. His forte during acts of piracy was that he used to tie smouldering hemp in his beard and keep lit fuses under his hat to frighten the crew of ships which his pirate crew boarded.
No evidence exists to indicate that he ever murdered captured crews/officers of ships he pirated, but is known to have sent them to their destinations, mostly in their own ships, after looting their cargo and valuables or making arrangements for their transport in case he confiscated their ships.
He is said to have been particularly nice to the crew/officers of those ships who cooperated with them. He even invited them for dining with him on board his flagship while their cargo and valuables were looted by his pirate crew.
In March 1718, he expanded his fleet by taking over a few more ships/sloops. At the head of this “flotilla” and by May 1718, Teach awarded himself the rank of “Commodore” and blockaded the port of Charleston in South Carolina, ransacking all ships approaching or leaving the port.
Teach, released all the captured ships and prisoners, but kept the valuables and fine clothing worn by some of the passengers/officers. A “hunting party” of two ships failed to track him down, the Pirates being very skilful in concealing their movements.
Although technically Teach and Bonnet could have been tried for crimes committed after that date, Teach was granted an official pardon nonetheless by the Governor through his special powers to waive cognizance of Teach’s later crimes.
The sedate life did not agree with him and the lure of the sea got the better of Teach, first as a “Privateer” and later as a pirate in which he was joined by Charles Vane, another pirate who had rejected the King’s Pardon.
The “hunting party” consisted of two commandeered sloops under the charge of Lieutenant Robert Maynard in the lead ship “HMS Pearl”, the other ship being “HMS Lyme” with about two dozen men apiece, apart from the sloop’s original crew. They changed the names of their ships to “Jane” and “Ranger” respectively to keep the pirates unawares that the sloops were both “men-of-war”.
On a high tide, the next morning, Maynard sent a lookout boat which was spotted by the pirates and fired upon by Adventure’s guns. It quickly retreated to “Jane” and Teach immediately cut Adventure’s anchor cable and manoeuvred “Adventure” to get into position to fight the approaching sloops under Maynard.
It appears that in the melee all three ships ran aground. “Adventure” fired on the two ships with tremendous effect, killing or wounding about a third of Maynard’s force (20 men on “Jane” either killed or wounded and 9 on “Ranger”).
He was, perhaps, the most hated and feared sea-pirate of the “Golden Age of Piracy” in the Caribbean. Later, over the centuries he has been "romanticised" both in folklore , literature and movies.
However, nothing was known to have been found, particularly as there were no Treasure Maps and most of his Pirate crew had been hanged.
New Zealand Mint Coin:
3)Famous Pirates of the Caribbean :Bartholomew Roberts or Black Bart Roberts
4)Famous Pirates of the Caribbean: Jack Rackham
5) Famous-Pirates-of- the Caribbean : Henry Avery
6) Famous Pirates of the Caribbean : Sir Henry Morgan