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Friday, 4 August 2017

552) Falkland Islands Penguins: The King Penguin: 50 Pence Coin Series: The third Coin in the Series of four coins with a  Coloured Cupro-Nickel Diamond Finish Coin issued on 24.07.2017:

552) Falkland Islands Penguins: The King Penguin: 50 Pence Coin Series: The third Coin in the Series of four coins with a  Coloured Cupro-Nickel Diamond Finish Coin issued on 24.07.2017:

The Treasury and Government of the Falkland Islands has released the third coin in a Series of four coins which highlight one of the Island’s most well-known and much liked/loved residents belonging to the animal kingdom – The “indigenous” Penguin. This series features full-colour renditions of the Islands more numerous inhabitants.

About Penguins:

Penguins are found close to the Arctic Pole in areas favouring coastal habitation or South of the Equator or on the many islands surrounding the Continent of Antarctica or adjacent areas.

There are 17 species of Penguins (each slightly different) found across the globe. Some of the species have nicknames, which give an impression that there are more than 17 species. For example – “Little Penguin” is also known as the “Blue Penguin”). All the species live in the Southern Hemisphere, while many are found at the South Pole in the Antarctica.

The Falkland Islands refer to themselves as the Penguin Capital of the World as more than one million penguins have made the Falklands their home and nest on these Islands throughout the year, because of their proximity to the nearest point of Antarctica – just 750 km away.

Their geographic placement off the tip of South America, not too distant from the coast of Antarctica, provides an ideal location for these extraordinary birds to live, breed and raise their young.

The Arctic Region is the only place where penguins are mostly found, although a few species of this flightless bird actually make their home on the Southern-most Continent. The penguin has evolved over a period of time to adapt to such harsh weather and atmospheric conditions – however this process of evolution has made them very adept at swimming in water rather than flying across the skies.

The Penguins/Coins issued under the four 50 Pence Coin Series:

The set of four 7-sided 50 Pence coins all depict indigenous penguins found on the Falkland Islands.

The four coin set includes – Rock-hopper Penguin (April 2017), Gentoo Penguin (June 2017), King Penguin (July 2017) and Magellanic Penguin (October 2017).
 A large adult King Penguin with his smaller female companion standing on the rocky shoreline of the Falkland Islands appear to "be engaged in avid discussion" about the Reverse face of the 50 Pence coin issued on the King Penguin.

King Penguins:  is a very large species of penguin, second only to the Emperor Penguin and reaches a height of about 100 cm (about 40 inches) and weight of 18 kg ( about 40 pounds).

They sustain themselves on a diet of small fish and squid which they dive to incredible depths of over 100 metres (more than 300 feet) to catch. 

The plumage of the King Penguin is similar to the Emperor Penguin with a contrasting vivid yellow/orange patch at the top of the chest. The King Penguin also has this same orange on its cheek patches where this is much lighter on the Emperor.

The King Penguin is found in the Sub-Antarctic Islands like the Falkland Islands and their population is currently estimated at 2.2 million and increasing.

As in the case of other penguins, the King Penguin has two groups of predators - those who eat its eggs such as Petrels and Skua and those who hunt for adult penguins such as Leopard seals and Orcas.

The King Penguins typically start reproducing at the age of about six and they are serially monogamous, which means that they will have one partner each year that they will stay faithful to.
 The Reverse of the third 50 Pence Coin in the Series depicts a large adult male King Penguin with his smaller female companion lovingly touching their beaks.  Above and below the penguin trio on the plain field are the inscriptions on this face – “KING PENGUIN” (on the upper periphery) and the denomination of the coin “FIFTY PENCE” (on the lower periphery).

The Obverse of the 50 Pence Coin in the Series depicts an effigy of Queen Elizabeth II which is an exclusive design by the Pobjoy Mint (initials “PM”), which has minted this coin on behalf of the Government & Treasury of the Falkland Islands with the peripheral inscription – “FALKLAND ISLANDS ELIZABETH II.2017”.

The Specifications/Highlights of the Coin are:

Year of issue: 2017; Denomination: 50 Pence; Diameter: 27.30 mm; Weight: 8.00 grams; Coin Quality: Coloured Cupro-Nickel Diamond Finish; Country of issue: Falkland Islands (British Overseas Territory – BOT); Maximum Mintage: 7,500; Four Coin Series Minted by: British Pobjoy Mint.

General Remarks: The coin is enclosed in a capsule inside a blue protective branded pouch. A collector's album for the set of four coloured penguin coins is also available, which gives important facts and information about the individual penguins.

Bank of England Banknotes:

1) A Ten Pounds Banknote issued on Charles Dickens (Writer) also depicting a cricket match from his novel "The Pickwick Papers"

2) A Ten Pound Banknote issued on Charles Darwin (English Naturalist) also depicting the HMS Beagle, Darwin's magnifying glass, a humming-bird & flora that he may have seen on his voyage.

3) A Five Pounds Banknote issued on George Stephenson (an Engineer) also depicting "Rocket" his Railway Locomotive and Skeene Bridge on theStockton Darlington Railway (1825) - since withdrawn

4) A 20 Pounds Banknote issued on Michael Faraday (a Scientist) issued in 1991, since withdrawn from circulation in 2001 

5) Great Britain's first circulating polymer Banknote on Winston Churchill issued by the Bank of England in the denomination of 5 Pounds on 13.09.2016

6) Jane Austen: features on the second circulating Polymer Banknote of 10 Pounds denomination to be released on 14.09.2017

Inspirations from Scottish History (Clydesdale Bank Banknotes): 

1) The Legend of King Bruce & the Spider on Banknotes
2) Commemorating Sir William Arrol and his creation the Forth Rail Bridge by issues of Britain's first ever 5 Pound Polymer Banknote

Banknotes from Bank of Scotland:

1) The Ryder Cup Commemorative Banknote: A 5 Pounds Banknote issued by the Royal Bank of Scotland in 2014 

British Crown Dependencies:

1) Specimen Banknotes from the States of Jersey

2) Coinage and Currency from the States of Jersey

3) Currency & Coinage of the Bailiwick of Guernsey

4) Currency & Coinage of Gibraltar : An Overseas Territory of Great Britain

5) Coinage of Gibraltar: (A British Overseas Territory): An Uncirculated Decimal Coin Collection Set minted by the Tower Mint, UK in 2010
6) The Isle of Man: An Uncirculated Decimal Coin Collection Set minted by Pobjoy Mint, UK in 2015

7) The Centenary of the ill-fated Titanic (15.04.1912 - 15.04.2012): An Alderney Five Pound Coin Commemorating the Maritime Legend

8) "Man of Steel": A Superman Movie: A set of stamps brought out in 2013 by Jersey post, the States of Jersey, commemorating Henry William Dalgliesh Cavill who played Superman in the Movie

9) Coins & Currency of Bermuda

10) The Bailiwick of Jersey - Presently circulating coinage - Pounds and Pence 

11) St. Helena & Ascension Islands: An Uncirculated Coin Set from 2003 

12) The Legend of the "HMAV Bounty" is interwoven with the heritage of the Pitcairn Islands: An uncirculated coin set from Pitcairn Islands in 2009 depicting the icons/relics of the Bounty minted by the New Zealand Mint

13) Currency of the Falkland Islands: A British Overseas Territory (BOT) Pounds & Pence

14) Falkland Islands Penguins: 50 Pence Coin Series: The first Coin in the Series of four coins: the Rock-Hopper Penguin 

15) Falkland Islands Penguins: 50 Pence Coin Series: The Gentoo Penguin:Second Coin in the series of four coins issued on 20.06.2017 

16) Falkland Islands Penguins: 50 Pence Coin Series: The Third Coin in the Series of four coins: the King Penguin

Famous Battles

1) Bicentenary of the Battle of Waterloo and Napoleon's Exile to St. Helena: (Part I): A One Crown Commemorative coin issued by the Ascension Island (minted by Pobjoy Mint UK) 

2) Bicentenary of the Battle of Waterloo and Napoleon's Exile to st. Helena: (Part II) 1) A 5 GBP Coin issued by the Royal Mint UK. 2) A"Drie Landen Zilverset" ( ot the "Three Lands Silver set") containing coins issued by the Royal Dutch Mint including coins of Netherlands, Belgium and UK

3) Commemorating the 75th Anniversary of the Battle of Britain by issuing a 50 Pence coin by the Royal Mint UK

Gold Coins:
1) Gold Sovereigns issued in 2013 & 2014 by MMTC-PAMP in India under licence from the Royal Mint, UK, carrying the "I" Mint Mark

2) Gold Half-Sovereigns minted by MMTC-PAMP in India in 2014 under licence from the Royal Mint UK bearing the "I" Mint Mark 

Silver Coins:

1) A 20 Pound Silver coin minted for the first timr by the royal Mint UK: reverse design carries the famous St. George slaying the dragon design found on Gold Sovereigns 

British India Coinage:

 1) East India Company Quarter Anna Copper Coin which is one of the first issues under the Coinage Act 1835

2) Victoria Coinage: When she was Queen and afterwards Empress

3) Edward VII: King & Emperor  Coinage

4) George V King Emperor Coinage

5) George VI: The last of the British India Emperors Coinage 

Other British Royalty: 

1) Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee Celebrations (1952-2012): A Five Pound Commemorative coin issued by the Royal Mint, UK

2) Commemorating Queen Elizabeth II's Coronation in 1953: A Five Pound Coin minted by the Royal Mint UK in 2013, depicting the Imperial State Crown

3) The Royal Coat of Arms of the UK: Great British 2012 Coin Set (Uncirculated) issued by the Royal Mint UK

4) Prince George's Christening Ceremony celebrated with coins issued by the Royal Mint UK in 2013

5) The British Empire:  A Case of Numismatic "segregation": (Guest Post by Rahul Kumar)

6) 1) The Portrait Collection: Various Portraits of Queen Elizabeth II on Coinage 2) The Fourth & Final Circulating coinage of the Portrait designed by Ian Rank-Broadley and the First Edition of the portrait of the Queen made by Jody Clark

 British Coinage:

1) The contribution of the Great British One-Pound coins in keeping alive the historical legends/emblems/heritage of the UK (1983 onwards)

2) Transformation of a Five shilling Coin (Crown) into the UK Twenty-five Pence & then the Five Pound Coin

3) Transformation of the Two Shilling Coin (Florin) Coin into the UK Ten Pence

4) The 350th Anniversary of the Guinea: A Two Pound Coin issued by the Royal Mint UK celebrating the milestone

5) The new 12-sided One Pound UK Coin introduced into circulation on 28.03.2017

 Commemorative British Coinage:

 1) Commemorating the Bicentenary of Charles Dickens: A Two pound coin celebrating his literary contributions during the Victorian Era

 2) Commemorating 50 Years of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) - presently called the World Wide Fund for Nature by issue of a Fifty Pence coin by the Royal Mint, UK

3) Coins commemorating London Olympics & Paralympics (2012)

4) Commemorating 150 Years of the London Underground : Two pound Coins minted by the Royal Mint UK, showing the "Roundel" logo and a train emerging from a tunnel 

5) Commemorating the 100th Birth anniversary of Christopher Ironside with his" Royal Arms" design on a 50 Pence coin issued by the Royal Mint, UK 

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