Search This Blog

Thursday, 29 June 2017

530) World’s First Human Heart Transplant: 50th Anniversary: A 2 Rand Silver Coin and a 2 ½ Cent Tickey issued by the South African Mint in 2017 under its coin series “South African Inventions” launched in 2016:



530) World’s First Human Heart Transplant: 50th Anniversary: A 2 Rand Silver Coin and a 2 ½ Cent Tickey issued by the South African Mint in 2017 under its coin series “South African Inventions” launched in 2016:


World’s First Human Heart Transplant:

On 03.12.1967, 53 year old Lewis Washkansky, received the first human heart transplant at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa.

Washkansky, a South African grocer dying from chronic heart disease, received the transplant from Denise Darvall, a 25 year old woman who was fatally injured in a car accident.

The Chief Surgeon Dr. Christiaan Barnard, who trained at the University of Cape Town and in the USA, performed the revolutionary medical operation leading a team of about 30 surgeons. The technique employed by Dr. Barnard had initially been developed by a group of American researchers in the 1950s. (Earlier, American surgeon Dr. Norman Shumway had performed the first successful heart transplant on a dog at Stanford University in California in 1958).

After Lewis Washkansky’s surgery, he was given drugs to suppress his immune system and keep his body from rejecting the heart. These drugs also left him susceptible to sickness, however and 18 days later he died from double pneumonia. Nevertheless, despite the setback, Washkansky’s new heart had functioned normally until he passed away.

After this event, ongoing research in the field laid the foundation for human heart transplants to become a well-established form of therapy for end-stage cardiac disease.

In the 1970s, the development of better anti-rejection drugs made heart transplantations more viable. Dr. Barnard continued to perform heart transplant operations and by late 1970s, many of his patients were living up to five years with their new hearts.

Successful heart transplant surgery continues to be performed today, but finding appropriate donors is rather difficult.

The Commemorative coins:

In 2016, the South African Mint launched a coin series with the theme “South African Inventions” to highlight globally relevant inventions and first by South Africans. The first invention to be featured was the “dolosse” – which was developed in East London to protect harbour walls and dissipate the energy of breaking waves, the dolosse are used in their millions along coastlines world-wide.

The South African Mint has in 2017 issued a 2 Rand Silver coin and a smaller 2 ½ Cent “Tickey” that commemorates the 50th Anniversary of the World’s First Heart Transplant in 1967, that took place in Cape Town, South Africa.

The two coins “fit” together and these coins let one imagine the intricate heart transplant – with the small Silver "Tickey" Coin depicting the good heart which appears on top of the larger coin depicting the torso and within it, poor heart.
 The 2-1/2 Cent Tickey placed on top of the 2 Rand coin  representing the good heart of Denise Darwall which was transplanted in place of Lewis Washkansky's poor heart represented in the anatomical features of the 2 Rand coin.
  A Front view of the two coins put together - side by side & one on top of the other
  Another Front view of the two coins put together -  one on top of the other

The complex anatomical details have been designed by South African Mint designer Richard C. Stone and Artist Carl V.B. Jeppe. The engraver of the coin is Paul Botes of the South African Mint.


                     The Reverse of the larger Silver 2 Rand Coin 
It depicts in great detail the skeleton, epidermis, veins and organs of the torso area of the human body. Even the complex veins and arteries weaving their way into and out of the heart can be seen, as well as, the web of blood vessels connecting it to the liver.

 Also visible are the detailed texture of the outer wall of the heart and the puffy, pillow-like tubing of the large and small intestines. The diseased heart shows fat deposits, dying muscle and an area of blocked blood flow, as can be seen in the central area where the frosted and polished surface seems darker. A raised circle indicates the position of the heart, as well as, serves as a place holder for the small Tickey and the imagined cavity of the human chest.

To the right, in two lines, is the date “1967/12.03” (3rd December 1967) when this highly specialised surgery was performed. The denominational value “R2” (or 2 Rand) and the words “FIRST HEART/TRANSPLANT” (in two lines) are superimposed over the lower half of the torso.

                       The Obverse of the larger Silver 2 Rand Coin 
It shows the standard Coat of Arms of the Republic of South Africa in the Centre, in frosted relief on a mirrored field, flanked on either side by the first two and last two digits in the year of issue “2017”.

Surrounding the Coat of Arms in a pentagon formation are 10 phrases (two phrases on each side of the pentagon showing the name of South Africa in each of the country’s 11 official languages (with a single depiction representing both the Ndebele and the Zulu languages, both of which spell the name identically).

The specifications of this coin are:

Year of issue: 2017; Issuer: South African Mint; Denomination: 2 Rand; Metallic Composition: .925 Silver, .75 Copper; Weight: 31.1 grams; Coin Quality: Proof; Mintage limit: 1,700 pieces.

General remarks: 1,000 of the coins are being made available for individual coin purchases, while 700 coins will be sold as two coin sets along with the 2 ½ Cents Tickey. The 700 coin sets will be kept in elegant, hand-crafted wooden cases.
                The Reverse of the smaller Silver 2 ½ Cent Tickey  
It depicts in minute detail, a healthy heart, with the thick, healthy aorta coming out of the top, the many blood vessels and the texture of the heart wall. The frosted finish of the healthy heart, produced in relief against a mirrored field, emphasises the organ’s good health.

At lower right on the mirrored field, also in relief, is the denominational value of “2 ½ Cents” depicted by a stacked fraction and a super-script letter “C” for “Cents”.

The metallic composition appeas in two lines in the upper right field as “Ag925” and “Cu75” (92.5% Silver, 7.5% Copper), with the initials “CNB” (standing for the Chief Surgeon Dr. Christiaan Neethling Bernard below). Somehow I think, that Dr Bernard’s name should have figured more prominently on this coin set, as unless it is specifically mentioned it is difficult to prima facie associate the initials “CNB” with that of the name of the lead doctor who performed this feat).
                The Obverse of the smaller 2 ½ Cent Tickey  
This design was developed and engraved by Kruger Gray and first appeared in circulation in 1922.

The central device is the standard depiction of the King Protea, South Africa’s National Flower, in frosted relief on a mirrored field, with “SOUTH AFRICA” above and the designer’s initials “KG” to the right of the base of the stem. The year of issue “2017” is placed between two floral ornaments below the flower. The field is surrounded by a beaded border within a plain raised rim.

The specifications of this coin are:

Year of issue: 2017; Issuer: South African Mint; Denomination: 2 ½ Tickey; Metallic Composition: .925 Silver, .70 Copper; Weight: 1.3 grams; Coin Quality: Proof; Mintage limit: 1,700 pieces.

General remarks: 1,000 of the coins are being made available for individual coin purchases, while 700 coins will be sold as two coin sets along with the 2 Rand Coin. The 700 coin sets will be kept in elegant, hand-crafted wooden cases.

For the combined-model 700 coin sets:
           The wooden box in which the two coin set is placed

The two coin model is a composite casting in two parts:

Specifications of the 2 Rand Coins:

Weight: 33.625 grams; Diameter: 38.725 mm; Metal Composition: .925 Silver, .75 Copper. Year of issue: 2017. Issuer: South African Mint.

Specifications of the 2 ½ Cent (Tickey):

Weight: 1.414 grams; Diameter: 16.34 mm; Metal content: .925 Silver, .75 Copper; Year of issue: 2017; Issuer: South African Mint. 
 The model of a silver heart is also being marketed by the South African Mint, which is a very innovative design.




Links:


12 comments:

  1. Tej Swarup Nigam has commented:
    "Nice information Sir".

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you so much. Really appreciate.

      Delete
  2. Suresh Sureshkumar has commented:
    "Thanks for sharing!"

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you so much for visiting the blog. Much appreciate.

      Delete
  3. Choudhary Roy S has commented:
    "Always good to go through your post... 😊"

    ReplyDelete
  4. Jay Paul has commented:
    "Actually, I think this is fake news. I live in South Africa and the mint have not made any such coin and neither have they made any Kruger rands of this sort."

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. This information is very much there on the South african Mint website from where I have taken some information. It has also been circulated by three of the leading International websites on Coin news whose newsletters are sent to me periodically. Why you may not have not heard about this coin set is because they will not come into circulation and are meant as Collector's items sold at a premium to Numismatists.

      Delete
    2. Jay Paul has commented:
      "Yeah I was surprised myself and also was at the official shop and tried to find out about them but with no news...so was rather surprised. But maybe they'll release them soon here."

      Delete
    3. I am giving the link to this info given on the SA Mint website which will help you out:
      http://www.samint.co.za/collectable-coins/2017-range/#tab-id-2

      Delete
    4. Jay Paul has further commented:
      "😉 definitely going to go back to the shop and show them this link"

      Delete
    5. All the best. Nice to meet up with a Numismatist interested in premium issues. The SA Mint seems pretty laid back. Some five years ago, they politely declined to ship their products to India. Not interested in having an international clientele.

      Delete