For other posts on Kyrgyzstan on this Blog, please visit the following links:
2) 60 Years of the Space Age: A set of three stamps issued by Kyrgyz Express Post on 15.11.2017:
3) Edible Mushrooms of Kyrgyzstan: A set of four stamps issued by KEP on 06.04.2017
The Kyrgyz Republic is a land-locked country with mountainous terrain, bordered by Kazakhstan to the North, Uzbekistan to the to the West and South-west, Tajikstan to the South-west and China to the East.
The Kyrgyz Flag has forty rays, symbolising the 40 clans and the geographical element in the Sun's centre depicts the wooden crown called "Tunduk" of a Yurt - a portable dwelling traditionally used by nomads in the steppes of Central Asia.
In 1876, the territories formally became a part of the Russian Empire. The Russian takeover was met with numerous uprisings against Tsarist authority and many Kyrgyz moved to the Pamir mountains and Afghanistan.
In 2009-2010, the Fourth Series of Banknotes was circulated by the National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic. These Banknotes have enhanced security features as compared to the previous Series.
Initially, on 02.03.2009, a 5,000 Som Banknote was issued.
Later, new editions for the 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1,000 Som Banknotes were issued in 2009 and 2010.
On 17.11.2017, a 2,000 Som Banknote was issued.
The details of the Banknotes issued under the Fourth Series & presently in circulation are as under:
On the Front of the 20 Som Banknote is seen a portrait of Togolok Moldo and Kyrgyz text.
Togolok Moldo (10.06.1860-04.01.1942):
He was a Kyrgyz poet, Manaschi and folk song writer. Born in Ak-Talaa district, Naryn Region. "Togolok" means "round-faced" while "Moldo" means an "educated person". His poems and folk songs have been translated into all the languages spoken by members of the former USSR.
Togolok Moldo Park in Bishkek is home to the monument dedicated to him.
This is a well-preserved 15th Century stone Caravanserai in At Bashy district, Naryn Province, Kyrgyzstan located at an altitude of 3,200 metres.
Kurmanjan Datka (1811-01.02.1907):
She was also known as "The Tsaritsa of Alai" (or "Queen of the South"). She was a stateswoman in Kyrgyzstan who acquiesced to the annexation of that region to Russia, under duress. Born into a rich family of the Mungush clan in the Osh, she fled to China to escape from an arranged marriage which was planned for her.
In 1832, the local feudal lord Alimbek who had taken the title of "Datka" and was the ruler of all the Kyrgyz of Alai, married her. When her husband was murdered in the palace coup, she was recognised by the Khans of Bukhara and Koland as the ruler of the Alai and given the title "Datka". In 1876, the Alai Region was annexed to the Russian Empire.
In 2014, the film "Queen of the Mountains" (originally titled "Kurmanjan Datka" was released on her life-story).
Minaret: A minaret (also known as "Goldaste") is a distinctive architectural structure akin to a tower and typically found adjacent to mosques. Generally a tall spire with a conical or onion shaped crown, usually either free-standing or taller than associated support structures. Minarets are traditionally used for the Muslim call to prayer by the muezzin at the prescribed times of the day.
The basic form of a minaret includes a base, shaft and gallery. Styles vary regionally and by period.
Mausoleum: This is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the internment space or burial chamber of deceased person(s). A Mausoleum is a type of tomb.
The Taj Mahal in Agra, India, is the world's most famous and most photographed mausoleum.
On the Front of the 100 Som Banknote is seen a profile portrait of Toktogul Satvlganoy and Kyrgyz text.
He was the most famous of the Kyrgyz Akyns-improvising poets and singers. The Kyrgyz town of Toktogul in the Jalal-Abad Region is named in his honour.
Alykul Osmonov (21.03.1915-12.12.1950):
(The first three Banknotes are from my collection, bought for me by Jayant Biswas. The remaining ones are from Jayant's collection. Banknotes scanned and post researched and written by Rajeev Prasad)